Power Transmission Towers

Transmission towers, also known as an electricity pylons are designed, produced and implemented for transmission from one point to another. They are designed based on the required voltage, its application, available space, weather and atmospheric conditions of the region, etc. The Transmission Towers  are tall structures often made of iron and used in high voltage lines to transmit electrical energy and in alternating current and direct current systems. It has many variations in shape (grid-telescopic) and many sizes, and its length varies from 15 to 55 meters.


Height of power transmission towers

The height of the masts are different from each other, and many factors must be considered to determine the height of the masts, such as: span distance (horizontal distances between two consecutive towers are called span power transmission lines), wind speed and angle, ice thickness in that area, the diameter of the conductors, their location and…

But it should be kept in mind that the distance between the masts is a phase that determines the size of the branches, arms and insulators, and there is no need to say that the more the phase is, the height and weight will increase, and as a result, the price of the transmission line will increase.

Connections of power transmission towers

  • Bolts are used in 99% of connections.
  • Anchor bolts are used for telescopic masts and equipment bases and gantry.
  • Calculating the length of bolts and nuts suitable for connections is calculated as follows:
  • The total thickness of the number of parts that are connected to each other + 25 mm

Line types

The masts are divided into the following groups based on the voltage level:

33KV / 66KV / 132KV / 230KV / 400KV

The employer chooses one of the types of masts based on his needs and assigns tasks to the consultant to follow up the construction, and then the consultant cooperates with the contractor until the completion of the work for production.

Cross Arm

The cross arm (cantilever) is used to keep wires and insulators on the mast. The construction of appropriate types of cantilever and crossarm depends on factors such as weather conditions, the type and type of conductor used, and economic issues in construction and operation. Keeping the electrical privacy of the conductors from each other is the purpose of installing the arm or cross arm in addition to keeping the conductors and insulators on the beam. Points such as simplicity of implementation, cost of construction and maintenance, use of the least screws and connections, ease of work by operators, observing the distance between conductors, maintaining symmetry on the beam, etc. should be considered in the design and construction of the cantilever and crossarm.

Cross Arms are designed in two types of needle and book. The book type withstands and distributes more pressure, for this reason book-needle or single book crossarms are used in tension masts, but basically needle-shaped crossarms are used in hanging masts. The figure below shows both book/needle-shaped crossarms.

The transmission tower industry is rapidly advancing to meet the increasing need for electricity, the integration of renewable energy sources, and the reduction of environmental and social impacts. To this end, the industry is utilizing lighter, stronger, and more durable materials like composite materials, high-strength steel, or aluminum alloys. Additionally, innovative designs like spiral or helical towers, inflatable towers, or floating towers are being adopted. Smart features such as sensors, cameras, or communication devices are also being incorporated to monitor and control the performance and condition of the towers. Finally, green solutions such as coating the towers with anti-corrosion or anti-icing materials, planting vegetation around the towers, or installing bird deterrents or nesting platforms are being implemented.

1-Lattice towers

Lattice towers are the most common type of transmission towers, consisting of steel frames that form a triangular or square shape. They are strong, flexible, and easy to assemble and transport. Lattice towers can support multiple circuits and span long distances, making them suitable for most terrains and weather conditions. However, they also have some drawbacks, such as high maintenance costs, visual impact, and susceptibility to corrosion and bird collisions.

2-Tubular towers

Tubular towers are made of hollow steel tubes that are welded or bolted together. They are more compact, aesthetic, and resistant to corrosion than lattice towers, but they are also more expensive, heavier, and harder to transport and install. Tubular towers can support single or double circuits and are often used in urban areas, where space is limited and visual appeal is important. They can also be designed to have different shapes, such as monopoles, H-frames, or delta configurations.

3-Concrete towers

Concrete towers are made of reinforced or prestressed concrete that is cast in situ or prefabricated. They are durable, stable, and low-maintenance, but they are also bulky, rigid, and difficult to modify or relocate. Concrete towers can support single or double circuits and are usually used in areas with high seismic activity, strong winds, or corrosive soils. They can also be integrated with other structures, such as bridges, buildings, or dams.

4-Hybrid towers

Hybrid towers are made of a combination of materials, such as steel and concrete, or steel and wood. They aim to optimize the advantages and minimize the disadvantages of each material, depending on the specific needs and conditions of the project. Hybrid towers can offer more flexibility, efficiency, and sustainability than conventional towers, but they also pose more challenges in terms of design, fabrication, and installation. Hybrid towers can support single or double circuits and are often used in areas with environmental or social constraints.

Types of transmission towers

Single, Double, Multiple, Circuits, Covering Voltages From 33KV to 765KV











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